Thank you for confirming the irrelevance of averaging KG V's rate of fire on the 27th:

which was one of the examples of exploitation of statistical misdirection you used in comparison with PoW, by comparing 2 hours of shooting with a few minutes.where we averaged the rate of fire of a ship that ceased fire and re-opened fire several times:

During a 14 minutes engagement averaging is VERY VALUABLE:

is demolished by:

In mathematics and statistics, the arithmetic mean, or simply the mean or average when the context is clear, is the sum of a collection of numbers divided by the number of numbers in the collection.

t was NOT the case of Bismarck at Denmark Strait as we have proof that Bismarck fired just more or less fast according to circumstances

The crude averaging employed in the Tedious Table, because it has a sampling period 840 times worse than PoW's sampling,

*a bell-curve distribution around the generated mean value, for which there is no support whatsoever. The Spurious Table, which pretends to derive actual firing times does not respect a Bell-curve at all, with extreme values throughout. It has a large standard deviation and high skewness. Thus one disproves the other. This illustrates the limitations of letting a mathematical tyro loose with a dangerous tool like Excel. Of course, the only alternative to believing you are unaware of the basics of statistics is that you are deliberately trying to mislead...................*

**assumes a priori**Thank you for reminding me my article needs a re-write now that 1941 evidence signed by Tovey showing there never was a Court Martial threat has emerged since I wrote it. All the authors who have parroted the CMDS story should rewrite them, however death will preclude this for some, although preface to new editions should include the fact that the authors were misinformed. Online references should certainly be corrected.

All the best

wadinga