Not sure about weight. I think the post PH mods eliminated the armored conning tower to free up weight. The 5"/38 twin mounts might add quite a bit of it.
But I think the Japanese fire control system in Nagato and Yamato was better than the one present in the 1930's in the old American battleline
It's December 1940 and it is clear to the US that the s h i t is going to hit the fan in about a year. So the question becomes whether the Big 5 should all be taken in hand and given the most expedient modernization possible. This has to be done in 6-9 months so they are all available when the time comes but there are severe limits to what can be done because of the same time constraint. Taranto has made it clear that the biggest challenge facing these ships, which their design and previous small upgrades did not take into account, is aircraft attack. There is ample past experience in exercises showing that this is a real risk even when the ships are moving so Taranto triggers clarification of minds in this regard.
Why are we considering an ''expedient upgrade to the big five'' when a better solution is an expansion long term to the carrier forces instead?
tnemelckram wrote:IIRC you are right, because the Japanese optics and their arrangement in the rangefinders were better.
Whether the US specifically knew that at the time is the issue. They would probably have to actually inspect the foreign rangefinders to really know. Then there's the racial stereotype that the Japanese had bad eyesight that resulted in a lot of cartoon depictions of them with typical eyeglasses so there may have been a perception among some that they would not have a competitive advantage from better optics anyway.
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