I am interested in how the large postwar class of Soviet Sverdlov class cruisers would have fared against late WW2 Allied 6 inch cruisers in a hypothetical ship versus ship encounter which just might have taken place during the early postwar era in the event of hostilities.
The Soviet vessels were completed postwar, but with much prewar technology incorporated, largely based on Italian concepts. They mounted 12 x 5.9s in triple turrets, again presumably of pre-war design. However, they supposedly shipped a post-war radar fit and new stablised directors based at least partly on late war German technology. Side and horizontal armour looks reasonably good according to the references in Conways and Janes, but I do not know how far they extended. Also, if the guns were derived from Italian sources, there might have been an inherited problem with excessive salvo spread, as Admiral Iachino once claimed had hampered Italian vessels in WW2. Soviet firing rates seem allegedly to have been slow, but that might have been due to poor crew training and also to Soviet bureaucracy being worried about ammunition consumption in peacetime, etc, rather than to any technological limitations. At any rate the Soviet cruisers certainly seemed to have impressed British and W. European observers when they visited Western ports soon after completion.
Anyway, how would a Sverdlov fare against say a possible cold-war encounter with a comparable adversary such as a US Cleveland class cruiser in the early 1950s, or a late-war British cruiser such as HMS Superb - assuming no aircraft are present and with equally trained crews? I leave out the early postwar US Worcester class cruisers here as they had fully automatic turrets, but as these were reportedly a little unreliable perhaps I shouldn't.