Military Historical Dates

Armed conflicts in the history of humanity from the ancient times to the 20th Century.
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Karl Heidenreich
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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Fri Jul 13, 2007 2:38 pm

In terms of numbers maybe the Arab-Israeli combats or the Gulf war can present more tanks than Prokhorovka alone, but the unlimited violence seen in that particular battle (and it´s universal consequences) make it No. 1.
Anyway we must see the whole Kursk operation (not only Prokhorovka) and, numericaly, I believe it´s still the greatest concentration of tanks and armoured vehicles in just one operation.

Kind regards.
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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Fri Jul 13, 2007 2:43 pm

July 13th:

Friday 13th... :?

982 - Otto II is defeated in Calabria by the Saracens, Pandulf II of Salerno and Landulf IV of Benevento killed in battle.
1174 - William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1558 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
1573 - Eighty Years' War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
1643 - English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down - In England, Lord Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, wins a crushing victory over the Parliamentarian Sir William Waller.
1772 - HMS Resolution, under the command of Captain James Cook, sets sail from Plymouth, England.
1794 - Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
1822 - Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat Ottoman forces at Thermopylae.
1854 - In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
1900 - Boxer Rebellion: In China, Tientsin is retaken by European Allies from the rebelling Boxers.
1941 - World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
1942 - World War II: German U-Boats sink three more merchant ships in Gulf of St. Lawrence.
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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Tue Jul 17, 2007 4:37 pm

July 14th:

1789 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
1790 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
1940 - World War II: Andrew George Latta McNaughton takes command of the 7th Army Corps consisting of British, Canadian and New Zealand troops.
1958 - Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation's new leader.


This is utterly stupid:

1969 - Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers. Of the 300,000 Salvadoran workers in Honduras, tens of thousands are expelled, prompting a brief Salvadoran invasion of Honduras. The OAS works out a cease-fire on July 18, taking effect on July 20.

And this is important:

2007 - Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Tue Jul 17, 2007 4:42 pm

July 15th:

1099 - First Crusade: Christian soldiers take Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege.
1240 - A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.
1410 - Battle of Grunwald, allied forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeat the army of the Teutonic Order.


This is quite great:

1815 - Napoléon Bonaparte surrenders from aboard HMS Bellerophon.


1862 - American Civil War: Confederates break naval blockade of Vicksburg, Mississippi.
1918 - World War I: Second Battle of the Marne - The battle begins near the River Marne with a German attack.
1945 - President Harry Truman disembarks the heavy cruiser the USS Augusta (CA-31) in Antwerp en route to Potsdam for the Potsdam Conference.
1958 - In Lebanon, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to provide military support to the pro-Western government there.
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Tue Jul 17, 2007 4:57 pm

July 16th:

1779 - American Revolutionary War: United States forces led by General Anthony Wayne capture Stony Point, New York from British troops.
1862 - American Civil War: David G. Farragut becomes the first United States Navy rear admiral.


This is quite sad:

1918 - Czar Nicholas and the Imperial Russian family are murdered under order of the government of Russia.


Declaring victory before winning the war:

1941 - Hitler convened top Nazi leaders at his headquarters in East Prussia to dictate how they would rule the newly occupied eastern territories. Ukraine, the "jewel" in the Nazi empire, would become a German colony.

Another very sad one:

1942 - Holocaust: Rafle du Vel'd'Hiv: The Vichy France government orders French police officers to round up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome. In 1995, president Jacques Chirac officially recognizes the French police's responsibility.

A great moment but shadowed because many of the scientists were betraying democracy and giving the atomic secrets to Uncle Joe the Butcher:

1945 - Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico.

The great "allies" departing with Uncle Joe the Butcher. In two years they will realize their mistake...

1945 - British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, US President Harry S. Truman and Soviet leader Josef Stalin, gather in Potsdam, Germany, to decide the future of the defeated Germany.

1948 - The city of Nazareth, hometown of Jesus, capitulated to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel led by Ben Dunkelman, after little more than token resistance, during 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
1957 - United States Marine Major John Glenn flies a F8U Crusader supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds setting a new transcontinental speed record.


This must be considered a war event because Reagan was the one who the won the Cold War...

1980 - Ronald Reagan wins the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.

This was not a Koffi Annan´s doing, except the massacre...

1994 - The civil war in Rwanda ends.
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Tue Jul 17, 2007 5:07 pm

July 17th:

1203 - Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople by assault; the Byzantine emperor Alexius III Angelus flees from his capital into exile.
1453 - Hundred Years' War: Battle of Castillon - The French under Jean Bureau utterly defeat the English under the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is killed in the battle in Gascony
1791 - Massacre at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution. 1200-1500 people were killed, including women and children.


1815 - Napoleonic Wars: In France, Napoleon surrenders at Rochefort, Charente-Maritime to British forces.

Hey, look at this:

1816 - The French passenger ship Medusa runs aground off the coast of Senegal.


1898 - Spanish-American War: Battle of Santiago Bay - Troops under United States General William R. Shafter take the city of Santiago de Cuba from the Spanish.

The commies´defeat was beggining:

1936 - Spanish Civil War: An Armed Forces rebellion against the recently-elected leftist Popular Front government of Spain starts the Spanish civil war.
1944 - World War II: The largest convoy of the war embarks from Halifax, Nova Scotia under Royal Canadian Navy protection.
1944 - Napalm incendiary bombs were dropped for the first time by American P-38 pilots on a fuel depot at Coutances, near St. Lô, France
1945 - World War II: Potsdam Conference - At Potsdam, President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the three main Allied leaders, begin their final summit of the war. The meeting will end on August 2.
1962 - Nuclear testing: The "Small Boy" test shot Little Feller I becomes the last atmospheric test detonation at the Nevada Test Site.


A great defeat for the US thanks to Jimmy Carter. Because of his "pacifist" will and the overthrowing of Somoza my country and Central America lived in a state of war for almost ten years. Only Reagan was able to work it up:

1979 - Nicaraguan president General Anastasio Somoza Debayle resigns and flees to Miami.

Another Reagan good idea:

1989 - First flight of the B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber.
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by marcelo_malara » Tue Jul 17, 2007 8:13 pm

1979 - Nicaraguan president General Anastasio Somoza Debayle resigns and flees to Miami.
...to be later killed in Paraguay by a comunist commando lead by Argentine insurgents.

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Tue Jul 17, 2007 9:29 pm

Marcelo:
...to be later killed in Paraguay by a comunist commando lead by Argentine insurgents.
Yep. I remember the night in 1979 when Somoza was forced to resign. As a matter of fact people believe that the Sandinistas won military over the Guardia Nacional but that wasn´t true. In the moment Somoza resign the Sandinistas controled only one town in Nicaragua and a strip of land in the border between Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Communist disinformation in Latin America and Jimmy Carter´s human rights policy were the responsibles for the overthrown of the regime... only to stablish a very dangerous tyranny that was nothing but a stronghold of communist forces in continental America.

Of course, common historical resouces give this next picture: "Oscar Arias, president of Costa Rica from 1986-1990 and Peace Nobel Price implemented a Peace Plan that was the answer to the Central American Conflict". Of course this wasn´t true because the Sandinistas would have never gave up their power if not by the following reasons:
1. First the USA had a naval battlegroup off the shores of Nicaragua ready to support the...
2. Land forces in Honduras expecting the order of an offensive against the commie vermin
But at the end it was:
3. Gorbachov surrendered his Empire and cut the flow of money, weapons and political and military support to Fidel and his Sandinistas Puppets. When all these happened the Sandinistas ran and embrace Arias´Peace Plan to saved their skins. And it worked: now they are again at office and bargaining with more vermin: Venezuela´s Chaves and Irani criminals...
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Thu Jul 19, 2007 2:48 pm

July 18th:

390 BC - Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
1195 - Battle of Alarcos, great victory of Almohad ruler Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur over the Castilian King Alfonso VIII.
1857 - Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war on the French.
1861 - American Civil War: Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford prior to First Battle of Bull Run(1st Battle of Manassas).
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Fort Wagner/Morris Island - The first formal African American military unit, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, unsuccessfully assaults Confederate-held Battery Wagner but their valiant fighting still proves the worth of African American soldiers during the war.


About this one: did someone remember the movie "Glory" starring Mathew Broderick, Morgan Freeman and Denzel Washington? It was a very good movie which despicts the story of the 54th regiment and ends with the assault against Fort Wagner.

1914 - The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, this gives definite status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
1925 - Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
1932 - The United States and Canada signed a treaty to develop the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
1936 - Spanish Civil War: The rebellion reaches peninsular Spain and conquers Galicia, west Castile, west Andalucia and Aragon.
1942 - World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.
1944 - World War II: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
1968 - Vietnam War: The two-day Honolulu Conference begins in Honolulu, Hawaii between US President Lyndon B. Johnson and South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu.
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Thu Jul 19, 2007 2:54 pm

July 19th:

711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic.
1333 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill - The final battle of the war.
1544 - Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne began.
1545 - The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth.
1588 - Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines - The Spanish Armada sighted in the English Channel.
1843 - Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
1863 - American Civil War: Morgan's Raid - At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.


Hey: look someone signing their own death warrant:

1870 - Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia. :wink:

Well this is not a military historical date but was the beggining of a legend that ends at OK Corral and the gunfight that it took place there:

1879 - Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up Holliday's New Mexico saloon.

A naval one:

1940 - World War II: Battle of Cape Spada - The Royal Navy and the Regia Marina clash; the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni sinks, with 121 casualties.
1940 - World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.
1940 - Adolf Hitler makes a peace offer to Britain, which Winston Churchill immediately rejects.
1942 - World War II: Battle of the Atlantic - German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
1963 - Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention.
1964 - Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.
1979 - The Sandinista rebels overthrow the U.S.-backed government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Thu Jul 19, 2007 6:08 pm

July 20th:

1304 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.
1402 - Ottoman-Timurid Wars: Battle of Ankara - Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeated forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I.
1861 - American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States of America begins sitting in Richmond, Virginia.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek - Near Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General William T. Sherman.


A naval combat!!!

1866 - Austro-Prussian War: Battle of Lissa - The Austrian Navy , led by Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, defeats the Italian Navy near the island of Vis in the Adriatic Sea.

1881 - Indian Wars:Sioux Chief Sitting Bull leads the last of his fugitive people in surrender to US troops at Fort Buford, North Dakota
1916 - World War I: In Armenia, Russian troops capture Gumiskhanek.
1916 - American cricketer, John Barton King plays his last match for the Philadelphian cricket team
1917 - World War I: The Corfu Declaration, which leads to the creation of the post-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia.


1918 - World War I: German troops cross the Marne.

Good to know that the Germans were "defeated" by 1918. If "defeated" they could cross the Marne imagine what would they could did if the US wasn´t in place at the front.... :shock:

1929 - Soviet troops attempt to cross the Amur River into Manchuria near Blagoveschensk as tensions mount between the Soviet Union and the Republic of China.
1932 - In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House.
1932 - Crowds in the capitals of Bolivia and Paraguay demand their governments declare war on the other after fighting on their border.
1941 - Soviet leader Joseph Stalin consolidates the Commissariats of Home Affairs and National Security to form the NKVD and names Lavrenti Beria its chief.
1942 - World War II: Red Army troops take bridgeheads over the Don River near Voronezh.
1942 - World War II: The first unit of the Women's Army Corps begins training in Des Moines, Iowa.
1943 - World War II: American and Canadian troops conquer Enna on Sicily.
1944 - World War II: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt (known as the July 20 Plot) led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg.
1944 - World War II: American troops land on Guam near Port Apra.
1946 - World War II: The US Congress's Pearl Harbor Committee says Franklin D. Roosevelt was completely blameless for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and calls for a unified command structure in the armed forces.


Harry Truman that talks with Uncle Joe the butcher about dividing the "German enemy" territory and called him "friend" now has some problems that lasted 50 years thanks to him:

1948 - US President Harry S. Truman issues a peacetime military draft in the US amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union.

1949 - Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their nineteen-month war.
1950 - Cold War: In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads guilty to spying for the Soviet Union by passing secrets from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs.


A good start for Ho Cho Ming. France quited and pass the ball to the US:

1954 - At Geneva, Switzerland, an armistice is signed that ends fighting in Vietnam and divides the country along the 17th parallel.

1958 - Twenty-six are dead in an explosion at a military base near Kokin Breg, Yugoslavia.

A naval one:

1960 - The Polaris missile is successfully launched from a submarine, the USS George Washington, for the first time.

1960 - Belgium defends its intervention in the Congo to the United Nations Security Council while the government of the Congo appeals to the Soviet Union to send troops to push back the Belgians. The governments of the US and France and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization warn the Soviets to stay out of the dispute.
1961 - French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.
1964 - Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces attack the capital of Dinh Tuong Province, Cai Be, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of which are children).
1969 - Cease fire announced between Honduras and El Salvador, 6 days after the beginning of the "Football War"
1973 - The US Senate passes the War Powers Act.
1973 - Vietnam War: In testimony by Assistant Secretary of Defense Jerry Friedheim to the US Senate Committee on Armed Services, the US Defense Department admits it lied to US Congress about bombing Cambodia .
1974 - Turkish occupation of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a "coup d' etat", organised by the dictator of Greece, against president Makarios. NATO's Council praises the US and the United Kingdom for attempts to settle the dispute. Syria and Egypt put their militaries on alert.
1976 - Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.
1983 - The Israeli cabinet votes to withdraw troops from Beirut but to remain in southern Lebanon.
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by marcelo_malara » Thu Jul 19, 2007 7:13 pm

1866 - Austro-Prussian War: Battle of Lissa - The Austrian Navy , led by Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, defeats the Italian Navy near the island of Vis in the Adriatic Sea.
...which made for a short come back of the ram.

Don´t forget July 20th, Landing on the Moon!!! One of the greatest adventure of humanity, and one of the most dangerous (the most for me).

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Thu Jul 19, 2007 8:41 pm

Marcelo:

you´re right man. The landing on the moon is probably the greatest adveture ever dared by the human race. And, thinking about it, was a military date because all this stuff about the moon was part of the Cold War. No ruskies threatening to "invade" the moon, no USA spaceship.

I remember the night (I was five years old) when Armstrong walk over the moon. I was just a kid and saw the whole thing with my dad before a black and white General Electric TV set.

Of course, we must admit that NASA greatest accomplishments were when they had nazi German scientists and engineers working for them. When those people grew old and died the "new" NASA was uncapable of designing something to replace the old Saturn V or that can do the work better than the Space Shuttle or flying coffin they have now.

Best regards...
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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Post by José M. Rico » Fri Jul 20, 2007 1:03 am

Karl Heidenreich wrote:the landing on the moon is probably the greatest adventure ever dared by the human race.
Technologically speaking yes, but don't forget the discovery of America. Neil Armstrong and his crew knew beforehand where they were going, but in the times of Columbus they had no idea at all what they could find once they sailed "over the edge of the world".

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Post by Karl Heidenreich » Fri Jul 20, 2007 9:17 pm

José Rico:
Technologically speaking yes, but don't forget the discovery of America. Neil Armstrong and his crew knew beforehand where they were going, but in the times of Columbus they had no idea at all what they could find once they sailed "over the edge of the world".
At October 12 we will have that on the historical dates. Many people, nowaday, support the political correct stupidity that Columbus discovery was a damnation to America. Which of course is not so. He saved America from the natives that were in a process of gradually destroying themselves: the aztecs and incas were in civil wars; the mayas had disappeared and no one can guarantee that another european country would have behaved better than Spain. For instance: you can find thousands or hundred of thousands or millions of native Americans in Mexico, Central and South America. But you cannot find so many "native Americans" in the USA because... the US cavalry did their job better than the spaniards. So, Columbus discovery was a blessing, at the end and his nautic odissey one hell of a job...
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.
Sir Winston Churchill

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