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Military Historical Dates

Posted: Fri Jun 08, 2007 2:57 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
Since in these threads have become ussual references about historical dates then:

June 8th:

793 - The first Viking raid on British soil at Lindisfarne where a set date for the raid is known.
1191 - Richard I arrives in Acre thus beginning his crusade
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys - Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
1941 - World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
1942 - World War II: Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.

The 793 date is very interesting and, somewhat, of personal pride for me: I love vikings...

Posted: Fri Jun 08, 2007 6:50 pm
by José M. Rico
Yes, good idea.

From now on instead of starting a new thread for every single battle anniversary in the calendar, just post them all here.

Posted: Mon Jun 11, 2007 3:01 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
June 9th:

1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.

June 10th:

1619 - Thirty Years' War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
1719 - Battle of Glen Shiel
1793 - French Revolution: Following arrests of Girondin leaders the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
1805 - First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
1846 - Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.
1854 - The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduate.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Brice's Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
1871 - Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
1898 - Spanish-American War: US Marines land on the island of Cuba.
1918 - Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
1924 - Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
1940 - World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
1940 - World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions with "Stab in the Back" speech from the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
1940 - World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
1940 - World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
1940 - World War II: Norway Surrenders to German forces.
1942 - World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
1944 - World War II: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
1944 - World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 children,women and men were massacred by German troops.
1965 - Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
1967 - Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
1999 - Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Miloševic; agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.

June 11th:

1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.
1429 - Hundred Years' War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.
1898 - Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.
1940 - World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.
1940 - World War II: First attack of the Italian Airforce on the island of Malta.
1942 - World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.

Re: Military Historical Dates

Posted: Tue Jun 12, 2007 10:10 am
by RF
Karl Heidenreich wrote:June 8th:

793 - The first Viking raid on British soil at Lindisfarne where a set date for the raid is known.

The 793 date is very interesting and, somewhat, of personal pride for me: I love vikings...
I was under the impression that the first Viking landings were in Scotland, and long before 793.....

Posted: Tue Jun 12, 2007 3:12 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
June 12th:

1418 - An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
1429 - Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.
1560 - Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
1653 - First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard – lasted until June 13.
1758 - French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
1775 - American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offered a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
1830 - Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers landed 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
1864 - American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor - Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
1940 - World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
1987 - Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate.
1999 - Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins – NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Gee: people do fight a lot, a lot.

Posted: Wed Jun 13, 2007 4:49 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
June 13th:

1944 - World War II: Germany launches a counter attack on Carentan.
1944 - World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets.
1978 - Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.

Posted: Thu Jun 14, 2007 10:50 am
by RF
June 14:

1940 - the German Army enters Paris, for the first time without having to fire a shot. The previous time they entered Paris, in January 1871, was at the end of a four month siege.

1982 - end of the Falklands War (25 ago today), with the surrender of Argentine forces at Port Stanley and Fox Bay (West Falkland).

Posted: Thu Jun 14, 2007 2:59 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
June 14:

Well, RF got two very important dates:

OK: Germans enter Paris in one great victory.
OK: Falklands war ends in another great victory, this time for the British

But we have some other special dates, specially for the English nation:

1645 - English Civil War: Battle of Naseby – 12,000 Royalist forces are beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers.

Great battle indeed, it´s considered as one of the most important battles in History. I believe that after that battle the King began his countdown to for the loss of his head and Mr. Cromwell got his big time as Leader...

Well, another superb date:

1775 - American Revolutionary War: The United States Army is established by the Continental Congress.

I doubt this date is of special rejoice for the commie and islamic vermin. I hope that the countries freed by the US Army might remember this date.

Hey: a naval one!!!

1789 - Mutiny on the Bounty: HMAV Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,000-mile) journey in an open boat.

Another important one but this time a corsican one:

1800 - Napoleon Bonaparte's Army defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo in Northern Italy and re-conquers Italy.

And this one is a lovingly one for the Mexican pride:

1846 - Bear Flag Revolt begins - Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.

The date in which California rejected a future as a desertic province of an undeveloped country and became a superpower inside another superpower. I wonder which would have been the poverty index of California not being for this Revolt.

And, another battle, friends:

1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Second Winchester – A Union garrison is defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Virginia.

I still believe that the South was a much better army than the North.

This is going to be a lovingly date for us, Battleship buffs:

1900 - The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.


1908 - Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing the building of another four major warships.

the Germans were quite busy building cute warships on June 14th. Maybe Kaiser Willy intended to play with them sometime...

Countdown to Jutland!

Well, this is not military but very important for our belicose culture:

1938 - Action Comics issues the first Superman comic.

And Franco wanted to play war himself:

1940 - Spanish invade Tangier international zone.

This date is special for all those who say that the allies were the most goodwilled folks on Earth:

1941 - Soviet mass deportations and murder of Estonians, Lithuanians and Latvians begun.

This speaks lovingly about the great "allies" that fought the Nazi war criminals. I was reading and found no record of a Nuremberg Trial against this or any other allied war crime. Quite moral, isn´t it? :think:

Another one for naval buffs. I believe Bgile is gonna love this one:

1952 - The keel is laid for the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus.

This one is George Bush astounding victory in his war against terrorism:

2002 - Twelve are killed and 50 injured by a car bomb explosion in front of the U.S. consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.

Wow! At this pace he could win the war in, say... 5,000 years?

Well, a very busy June 14th...

Posted: Thu Jun 14, 2007 8:07 pm
by iankw
You missed one Karl, although you mentioned the less important event in 1800 :).

The birth of a new dish - chicken marengo, after which the famous battle was named (j/k)


Posted: Thu Jun 14, 2007 10:00 pm
by Karl Heidenreich

Chicken what???? :think:

Posted: Thu Jun 14, 2007 10:54 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
June 15th:

923 - Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy.
1184 - King Magnus V of Norway is killed at the battle of Fimreite.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
1864 - American Civil War: Siege of Petersburg begins.
1864 - Arlington National Cemetery is established when 200 acres (0.8 km²) around Arlington Mansion are officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton
1888 - Crown Prince Wilhelm becomes Kaiser Wilhelm II and is the last emperor of the German Empire
1913 - The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Saipan: The United States invades Saipan.

June 14 was mkore colorfull, isn´t it?

Best regards...

Posted: Fri Jun 15, 2007 10:17 am
by RF
Karl Heidenreich wrote:June 14:

1645 - English Civil War: Battle of Naseby – 12,000 Royalist forces are beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers.

Great battle indeed, it´s considered as one of the most important battles in History. I believe that after that battle the King began his countdown to for the loss of his head and Mr. Cromwell got his big time as Leader...
I did think of Naseby and it is often quoted as the decisive turning point of the first Civil War of the 1640's.
However some experts argue that Marston Moor, which preceeded this battle, decided the outcome of this war and that Naseby which followed merely confirmed it. I am inclined to agree with this view, particulary given the strategic consequences of the Marston Moor defeat - loss of the whole of northern England. Naseby added the loss of the English Midlands as well.

The King never of course expected to lose his head and at the time after Naseby all the Parliamentarians, Cromwell included, wanted a peaceful settlement with the King, whereby he continued on the throne.
What changed that was the King's refusal to negotiate seriously with Parliament after his capture at the end of the first Civil War. Instead he played them for time and then used Irish Catholic mercenaries to start a second Civil War. This failed and it was as a consequence of this second war that the King was put on trial for treason. The King refused to accept any legitimacy for the court or for the Parliament that set the court up, so he offered no defence to the charges brought. It was only as a response to this final intransigence that Cromwell pressed for execution and the court could not deliver anything other than a guilty verdict.

Posted: Fri Jun 15, 2007 1:57 pm
by iankw
Hi Karl,

A quick google of "chicken marengo" comes up with thousands of references for it, below is one which combines the recipe and the legend.


Posted: Fri Jun 15, 2007 3:15 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
Hi Ian,

thanks a lot.


Posted: Fri Jun 15, 2007 10:58 pm
by Karl Heidenreich
June 16:

1487 - Battle of Stoke Field, the last dying breath of the Wars of the Roses.
1745 - British troops take Cape Breton Island, which is now part of Nova Scotia, Canada.
1745 - Sir William Pepperell captures the French Fortress Louisbourg in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia during the War of the Austrian Succession.
1746 - War of Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.
1755 - French and Indian War: French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians.
1779 - Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the siege of Gibraltar begins.

1815 - Battle of Ligny and Battle of Quatre Bras, two days before Waterloo.

Hey, hey, hey, the days of the corsican are counted...

1858 - Battle of Morar, during the Indian Mutiny.
1924 - Whampoa Military Academy is founded. This was in China.

1940 - World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Premier of Vichy France.

The coundown to go and seek the wagon train were the Germans were humilliated in 1918 to sign the surrender of France in 1940 has begun: the hero of Verdun is no longer a hero...

1940 - A Communist government is installed in Lithuania.

Another "soviet allied" move...

2000 - Israel complies with UN Security Council Resolution 425 after 22 years of it issuance, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel withdrew from all of Lebanon, except the disputed Sheba Farms.