RF wrote:One point that seems to have escaped notice is that France has never formally been part of the NATO alliance. This arises from the fact that De Gualle didn't want French forces under American or British command, presumably due to the problems in Allied relationships in WW2.
The French view is of co-operation and participation on their own terms - as in their nuclear deterrent, which I believe, unlike Britain, was genuinely independent of the US.
Gary wrote:This arises from the fact that De Gualle didn't want French forces under American or British command, presumably due to the problems in Allied relationships in WW2.
De Gaulle didnt mind the British and Americans liberting his county.
Legend wrote:So no post WW2 photos of any of the old French BB's are available? I cant recall being able to find any good ones...
19kilo wrote:BTW, does anyone know if any BBs were equiped with nuclear shells?
3) A total of fifty Mark 23 "Katie" nuclear projectiles were produced during the 1950s with development starting in 1952 and the first service projectile being delivered in October 1956. It is possible that the W23 nuclear warhead used for this projectile may have been installed inside of an otherwise unaltered HC Mark 13 shell body, although one of the sources listed below says that the projectile was slightly smaller than the Mark 13. USS Iowa, USS New Jersey and USS Wisconsin had an alteration made to Turret II magazine to incorporate a secure storage area for these projectiles. USS Missouri was not so altered as she had been placed in reserve in 1955. This secure storage area could contain ten nuclear shells plus nine Mark 24 practice shells. These nuclear projectiles were all withdrawn from service by October 1962 with none ever having been fired from a gun. One projectile was expended as part of Operation Plowshare (the peaceful use of nuclear explosive devices) and the rest were deactivated. USS Wisconsin did fire one of the practice shells during a test in 1957. It is not clear whether or not any of the battleships ever actually carried a nuclear device onboard, as the US Navy routinely refuses to confirm or deny which ships carry nuclear weapons. ...
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