THE SINGAPORE STRATEGY

General naval discussions that don't fit within any specific time period or cover several issues.
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aurora
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THE SINGAPORE STRATEGY

Postby aurora » Tue Nov 11, 2014 9:37 am

The Singapore strategy was a series of war plans that evolved over a twenty-year period in which the basing of a fleet at Singapore was a common but not a defining aspect. Plans were crafted for different contingencies, both defensive and offensive. Some were designed to defeat Japan, while others were merely to deter aggression.

In November 1918, the Australian Minister for the Navy, Sir Joseph Cook, had asked Admiral Lord Jellicoe to draw up a scheme for the Empire's naval defence. Jellicoe set out on a tour of the Empire in the battlecruiser HMS New Zealand in February 1919. He presented his report to the Australian government in August 1919. In a section of the report classified as secret, he advised that the interests of the British Empire and Japan would inevitably clash. He called for the creation of a British Pacific Fleet strong enough to counter the Imperial Japanese Navy, which he believed would require 8 battleships, 8 battlecruisers, 4 aircraft carriers, 10 cruisers, 40 destroyers, 36 submarines and supporting auxiliaries.

Although he did not specify a location, Jellicoe noted that the fleet would require a major dockyard somewhere in the Far East. A paper entitled "The Naval Situation in the Far East" was considered by the Committee of Imperial Defence in October 1919. In this paper the naval staff pointed out that maintaining the Anglo-Japanese Alliance might lead to war between the British Empire and the United States. In 1920, the Admiralty issued War Memorandum (Eastern) 1920, a series of instructions in the event of a war with Japan. In it, the defence of Singapore was described as "absolutely essential". The strategy was presented to the Dominions at the 1923 Imperial Conference.

Extracted from Wikipedia under the Fair Usage Scheme

aurora
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Jim

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aurora
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Re: THE SINGAPORE STRATEGY

Postby aurora » Tue Nov 11, 2014 12:23 pm

I posted this topic because it became a "cause celebre" for Australia; who even AFTER Pearl Harbor,continued to have faith in the "Main Fleet to Singapore" promise by the vacillating British Government- to the point of estrangement between the two nations and Australia then looking to the USA as their "saviour"-which the Americans latched on to; and of course gained another nation beholden to it.
This was a highly convoluted bit of political manipulation which IMO requires discussion. :!:

aurora
Quo Fata Vocant-Whither the Fates call

Jim

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Re: THE SINGAPORE STRATEGY

Postby RF » Sun Nov 16, 2014 5:56 pm

The ''Singapore strategy'' was more of an academic exercise than of any carefully prepared plan.

That a copy of the British War Cabinet's detailed discussions of the defence of the Far East could be captured by a minor German warship upon interception of an unescorted merchant ship in the Indian Ocean on 11 November 1940 just about sums up the reality of such a strategy.
''Give me a Ping and one Ping only'' - Sean Connery.

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aurora
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Re: THE SINGAPORE STRATEGY

Postby aurora » Sun Nov 16, 2014 6:12 pm

Yessir-the Automedon Incident,which I thought somewhat Pythonesque; :lol: when I first came across it-I said to myself "I Don't BEELIEEEVE it!!! The Games people play??! :lol:
Quo Fata Vocant-Whither the Fates call

Jim


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