Posted: Thu Apr 20, 2006 4:38 pm
That makes two of us.
Warships, naval battles, technology, weapons, navies of all eras, modeling, etc.
Can someone explain to me how this 42 pdr or 4 pdr, carronade or carron worked?
Did shells have a bursting charge inside or were just cast-iron balls?
How many ships were actually sunk by gunfire at Trafalgar?
But if you look at a cross section of a 74; the hull is enormously thick.
Was the bore of the gun defined by a lead ball or a cast iron ball?
I think marcelo knows much more about this era than I do.
I don’t think frames were continuous though …
Bgile wrote:If you have the weather gauge it means you are upwind of your enemy, so it is easier to shoot at the rigging, not the hull. The guns did have elevation adjustments, but they were crude and not very precise.
ufo wrote:Many thanks for the prompt one on the cannon ball!Bgile wrote:If you have the weather gauge it means you are upwind of your enemy, so it is easier to shoot at the rigging, not the hull. The guns did have elevation adjustments, but they were crude and not very precise.
I am puzzled about the weather gauge. I yachting terms I would understand the ship being upwind of its opponent to be holding the weather gauge, hence the opponent stands to leeward. This gives the vessel holding the weather gauge free choice of course for the attack while the vessel to leeward has to beat upwind to close the range.
So the ship upwind would heel towards the enemy; the guns would point downward towards the leeward ship, would they not? And the opponent – or in fighting terms enemy would heel mast away from it, thus showing the underbelly of his vessel.
I either have a twist in my thought, which may well be, or the ship holding the weather gauge would indeed aim low.
marcelo_malara wrote:Thank you!! As I posted in another thread, I started studying the period after watching Master and Commander. But as far as now, I have only technical info about shipbuilding, rigging and shiphandling, no tactics yet.
Yes, they were continuous. I have three books on shipbuilding of the era: Construction and fitting (Peter Goodwin), Building the wooden fighting ship (Dodds and Moore) and The American-built Clipper ship (Crothers). The space between frames was allowed just for ventilation of timbers and planking and was in fact very small in the lower futtocks (futtocks were the individual timbers that made up the entire frame). The higher futtocks had progresively lower scantlings, so the space between frames increased as you reach the upper deck, but never reaches a frame-size.
The hulls were actually 24" thick. They were made up of 16" timber frames and 4" internal and 4" external planking. The frames were disposed continously, no gaps between them.