Ciao Marcelo and all,
unfortunately according to my info's was by HMS Warspite against the Italian Regia Marina battleship RN Giulio Cesare.
The battle was the Punta Stilo ( Calabria ) engagement :
despite what everybody thinks, that was a courageous engagement by 2 old WW 1 ( renewed on 1936 ) Italian battleships ( Cavour and Cesare ) armed with 320 mm guns against 3 Royal Navy ones ( Warspite, Malaya and Royal Sovereign ) armed with 380 mm ones, plus many other ships including the aircraft carrier HMS Eagle .
Admiral Campioni moved in and placed his 2 battleship on line of battle against far superior forces, .. once ben hit ( Cesare by Warspite ) he overestimated the damages and disengaged.
Anyway, not a 'coward' retreat as many only depict, .. initally surely a courageous move, .. than you have to take necessary decisions, .... if they hit you and they are superior in forces.
Just my opinion of course.